HSK3级【HSK标准课程3 四、她总是笑着跟客人说话】Book 11 ~ 4/10

三级词汇23个. 二级词汇25个. 新生词7个.
   
《在教室
小明:这是你们比赛照片吗?
可:是,这是我们比赛后照的。
小明:照 不错,你们都是一个年级的吗?
可:不是。那个 又漂亮的女孩儿是二年级的。
小明:旁边 那个 的人是谁?
可:那是我!


《在教室
小丽:你觉得 怎么样?
同学:她聪明热情努力
小丽:我看她总是 回答 老师的问题
同学:她 个人都 常常 我笑。
小丽:你是不是喜欢她
同学:喜欢她的人太多了, 你看那些 鲜花的,都是 她的。

《在超市门口
小刚:我有点饿了,我们 超市买点儿东西
小丽:好,这家超市蛋糕便宜好吃 一块 2.99
小刚:我们买 块,回家吃 蛋糕看电视,怎么样?
小丽:好,我 去买一些喝的。

《在饭馆
经理 好!您 谁?
客人:你们这儿是不是有一个年轻又漂亮的服务员
经理:我们这儿年轻、漂亮的服务员 有很多。
客人:她工作认真热情
经理 说说吗?
客人:她总是 客人说话。
经理,我知道 了,你说的是李小美

生词 New Words
门口 ménkǒu : doorway; gate
有点 yǒudiǎn : a little
不错 bùcuò : pretty good.
女孩 nǚhái : girl.
常常 chángcháng : frequently; usually; often
鲜花 xiānhuā : flower; fresh flowers
门口 ménkǒu : doorway; gate.
饭馆 fànguǎn : restaurant.

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊马可:不是。那个又高又漂亮的女孩儿是二年级的。
又(yòu): (1) (once) again; also; (2) both... and...;(3) emphasis negation
(1) (once) again; also - used for past action
    他今天迟到了。 Tā jīntiān yòu chídàole. - He is late again today.
(2) both... and...: 又..又..
    他长得大。 Tā zhǎng dé yòu gāo yòu dà. - He is tall and big.
(3) (used for emphasis of negation) anyway: 又不,又没
    我不是小孩子。 Wǒ yòu bùshì xiǎo háizi. - I am not a child.
    我没说你。 Wǒ yòu méi shuō nǐ. - I did not talk about you (at all).

➋小明:旁边那个拿着书笑的人是谁?
Verb + 着. Aspect particle 着 (zhe) after a verb indicates
(1) the continuous action of the verb, like do-ing form in English;
    我在这里等你。 Wǒ zài zhèlǐ děngzhe nǐ. - I am here waiting for you.
(2) for manner or state in which an action is performed.
    他笑说... Tā xiàozhe shuō... - She smiled and said... (saying while smiling)

➌小丽:我看她总是笑着回答老师的问题。
总是/老是/老 + Verb/Adj: always. Adverb 总是 (zǒngshì) describes a daily routine, a habit, or just something that consistently happens. 老是 (lǎoshì) is often used in spoken Chinese and expresses a feeling of frustration or unsatisfaction. In this case, 是 can be dropped.
    我们老师总是七点到学校。 Wǒmen lǎoshī zǒng shì qī diǎn dào xuéxiào. - Our teacher always arrives at school at 7.
    他总是很忙。 Tā zǒng shì hěn máng. - He is always busy.
    你怎么老是说我不好? Nǐ zěnme lǎo shì shuō wǒ bù hǎo? - Why do you always say something bad about me?
    她穿这件衣服。 Tā lǎo chuān zhè jiàn yīfu. She always wears this dress.

➍也常常对我笑。
经常/常常/常 + ... + verb: often (do something).
    他经常迟到。 Tā jīngcháng chídào. - He is often late.
    我常常六点起床。 Wǒ chángcháng liù diǎn qǐchuáng. - I often get up at six.
    你去北京吗? Nǐ cháng qù běijīng ma? - Do you often go to Beijing?
Negation is 不常/不经常
    我不常去北京。 Wǒ bù cháng qù běijīng. - I don't go to Beijing often.
    他不经常去公司上班。 Tā bù jīngcháng qù gōngsī shàngbān. - He does not often go to work at the company.
经常 can serve as adjective. But 常常 cannot.
    他上班迟到是经常的事。 Tā shàngbān chídào shì jīngcháng de shì. - It is a common occurrence that he is late for work.

➎一块只要2.99元。
块 measure word. It is used for irregular shape pieces such as cakes, watches; or for RMB (spoken Chinese).
    三钱,一蛋糕,一手表
    sān kuài qián, yīkuài dàngāo, yīkuài shǒubiǎo - a dollar, a piece of cake, a watch

➏经理:您能再说说吗?
再 + Verb.
(1) It is used to express repetition of an action in the future, like "again" or "another" of the same action.
    你说一遍 Nǐ zàishuō yībiàn. - You say it again.
    我喝一杯茶 Wǒ zài hē yībēi chá. - I drink another cup of tea.
(2) It is used as "and then" for future action.
    做完作业,你睡觉 Zuò wán zuòyè, nǐ zài shuìjiào. - After you finish homework then you go to sleep.

➐客人:她总是笑着跟客人说话。
跟(对)⋯⋯说(gēn/duì): (talk) to/towards/with... . When using the verb 说, 跟 and 对 can both be used in a similar sentence pattern. 跟 and 对 are both prepositions, and they both express one person speaking to another.
    他我说他爱我。 Tā gēn wǒ shuō tā ài wǒ. - He told me that he loves me..
    你他说了什么? Nǐ duì tā shuōle shénme. - What did you say to him?.

➑经理:啊,我知道了,你说的是李小美吧?
(1) sentence + 啊. The interjection 啊 (a) is to add a tone of urgency, exclamation or excitement. However, the exact meaning often depends on context.
    你好高 Nǐ hào gāo a! - You are really tall!
    好,你来吧 Hǎo a, nǐ lái ba. - Good. Just come over.
    谁 Shéi a? - Who?
(2) list things with 啊(a). You can use 啊(a) to list a bunch of nouns belonging to same category. The structure is A啊, B啊, C啊.... It is informal like "that kind of thing" in English.
    北京,上海,广州等等我都想去。 Běijīng a, Shànghǎi a, Guǎngzhōu a děng děng wǒ dū xiǎng qù. - I want to go places like Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou.
    店里有很多水果,香蕉,苹果,西瓜都有。 Diàn li yǒu hěnduō shuǐguǒ, xiāngjiāo a, píngguǒ a, xīguā a dōu yǒu. - There are many fruits in the store such as banana, apple and water melon.






Exercise 练习

HSK3级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK3级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK3级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK3级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK3级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound