HSK4级【HSK标准课程4A 一、简单的爱情(2)《结婚》】Book 12 ~ 2/25

四级词汇6个. 三级词汇7个. 五级生词1个. 新生词1个.
   
(王静 李老师聊她要结婚 的事情)
王静:李老师,我下个月5号就要结婚 了。
李老师:你是在开玩笑吧? 你们不是 认识一个月?
王静:虽然我们认识的时间不 但我从来没这么快乐

李老师:两个人在一起,最好能有共同的兴趣和爱好
王静:我们有很多共同爱好 经常 一起打球、唱歌、做菜
李老师:看来5你真的找到适合你的人了。 祝你们幸福

生词 New Words
做菜 zuòcài : to cook; cooking
看来 kànlai : apparently; it seems that; it appears; it seems

语法要点 Grammar Points:
➊王静:李老师,我下个月5号就要结婚了。
Different ways of time: past, current, future. It becomes convention to say times for past, current and future. This is the list.
    前天,昨天,今天,明天,后天 qiántiān, zuótiān, jīntiān, míngtiān, hòutiān - the day before yesterday, yesterday, today, tomorrow, the day after tomorrow
    前年,年,今年,明年,后年 qiánnián, qùnián, jīnnián, míngnián, hòu nián - the year before last year, last year, this year, next year, the year after next year
    上月,这月,下 shàng gè yuè, zhège yuè, xià gè yuè - last month, this month, next month
    上(个)星期,这(个)星期,下(个)星期 Shàng (gè) xīngqí, zhè (gè) xīngqí, xià (gè) xīngqí - last week, this week, next week
    3年/月/天/星期(以)前 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) qián - 3 years/months/days/weeks ago
    3年/月/天/星期(以)后 sān nián/gè yuè/tiān/gè xīngqí (yǐ) hòu - 3 years/months/days/weeks after

➋你们不是才认识一个月?
adverb 才 + Verb/Noun. 才 (cái) as an adverb means "only; only then; just now". It expresses "small quantity" or "shortness in time" or "lateness in time" for the PAST action.
    我喝了一杯水 Wǒ cái hēle yībēi shuǐ. - I only drank a cup of water.
    我中文学了一个月 Wǒ Zhōngwén cáixuéle yīgè yuè - I only studied Chinese for one month.
    你这么晚下班? Nǐ zhème wǎn cái xiàbān? - Why did you get out of work so late?


➌王静:虽然我们认识的时间不长,
虽然⋯⋯ 但是/可是⋯⋯ (suīrán... dànshì...): although.... This is one of the most common used patterns in Chinese, especially in written Chinese. Unlike English, you still need to follow it with a "but"(但是) word in Chinese.
    虽然她不漂亮,但是我们都喜欢她。 Suīrán tā bù piàoliang, dànshì wǒmen dōu xǐhuān tā. - Though she is not pretty, we all like her.

➍但我从来没这么快乐过。
从来(从) + 不 + verb: never do ...; 从来(从) + 没(有) + verb + 过: have never done something.
    他从来(从)不迟到。 Tā cónglái (cóng) bù chídào. - He has never been late.
    他从来没(有)迟到 Tā cónglái méiyǒu chídàoguò. - He has never been late.

➎经常一起打球、唱歌、做菜。
经常/常常/常 + ... + verb: often (do something).
    他经常迟到。 Tā jīngcháng chídào. - He is often late.
    我常常六点起床。 Wǒ chángcháng liù diǎn qǐchuáng. - I often get up at six.
    你去北京吗? Nǐ cháng qù běijīng ma? - Do you often go to Beijing?
Negation is 不常/不经常
    我不常去北京。 Wǒ bù cháng qù běijīng. - I don't go to Beijing often.
    他不经常去公司上班。 Tā bù jīngcháng qù gōngsī shàngbān. - He does not often go to work at the company.
经常 can serve as adjective. But 常常 cannot.
    他上班迟到是经常的事。 Tā shàngbān chídào shì jīngcháng de shì. - It is a common occurrence that he is late for work.






Exercise 练习

HSK4级:Fill Blanks in Text 课文填空

HSK4级:生词意义测试 - Test Word Meaning

HSK4级:生词拼音测试 - Test Word Pinyin

HSK4级:生词图像测试 - Test Word Image

HSK4级:生词语音测试 - Test Word Sound


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